I want to create a Joomla menu from scratch myself!
I studied a bit about the Joomla API, I know I should use Jmenu,but when I use:

   <?php $M=Jmenu::load();
    echo $M;?>

it returns some errors:

Notice: Array to string conversion in K:\xampp\htdocs\mag2\templates\mymagazine4\index.php on line 7 Array

or print nothing.

this is link Jmenu Jmenu -
How should I use it to show a menu???

thanks for reply


You have to get instance of menu:

$menu = JMenu::getInstance('site'); // or 'administrator' for back-end

this will load all items for you.

Now you can:

  1. Get all menu items

    $allMenuItems = $menu->getItems($attributes = array(), $values = array());

  2. Get default item (homepage)

    $defaultMenuItem = $menu->getDefault($language = '*');

To print your menu links, start with this:

$menu = JMenu::getInstance('site');
$allMenuItems = $menu->getItems($attributes = array(), $values = array());
if (count($allMenuItems)>0) {
  foreach ($allMenuItems as $menuItem) {
    echo '<a href="'.JRoute::_($menuItem->link).'">'.$menuItem->title.'</a>';
} else {
  echo 'No menu items.';
| improve this answer | |
  • when i use $menu=.... it is show any thing. – stackprogramer Feb 3 '16 at 8:40
  • when i use echo $menu,it has error Catchable fatal error: Object of class JMenuSite could not be converted to string in K:\xampp\htdocs\mag2\templates\mymagazine4\index.php on line 7 – stackprogramer Feb 3 '16 at 8:41
  • i write these code in html folder my template >mod_menu>index.php – stackprogramer Feb 3 '16 at 8:41
  • You can't echo PHP object. What are you trying to do? To get items, use $allMenuItems = $menu->getItems();print_r($allMenuItems); and you will see array of all menu items. Then you should iterate over eeach one and echo you links. – Rene Korss Feb 3 '16 at 8:42
  • 1
    I edited my code. Which these $attributes and $values you can basically get certain menu items (by language, access level) etc. – Rene Korss Feb 3 '16 at 8:54

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